How AI is boosting cancer treatment

New Delhi: Treatment of cancers is no longer just limited to traditional approaches like chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Artificial intelligence (AI) is making significant strides in cancer treatment aiding both doctors as well as patients to boost better outcomes, according to health experts on Saturday.

Health experts noted that AI is playing an important role from developing new drugs to predicting the outcome of a treatment, and prognosis. It can also boost the growth of personalised medicine.

However, concerns remain over data privacy, safety, and ethical use of patient data.

“As a surgical oncologist, I can confidently state that AI is no longer limited to surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or radiation. It has profound implications in radio diagnostics and biomedical cancer research as well. AI applications in biomedical cancer research are aiding in creating new medications and treatments. It facilitates early cancer detection through image analysis, a critical application we use for the early detection of oral cancers,” Raj Nagarkar, Managing Director & Chief of Surgical Oncology & Robotic Services of HCG Manavata Cancer Centre (HCGMCC) & Hospitals.

“AI computer vision models are being explored in radio-imaging modalities for early detection of disease and cancer risk prediction. Point-of-care diagnostics startups are using AI algorithms for early detection with promising results. Early detection of disease has a significant impact on outcomes and by employing AI, we can certainly improve cancer care delivery,” added Roheet Rao, AVP, IT & Oncology at Apollo Hospitals.

Raj said that AI-enabled screening for breast cancer is also assisting in designing and personalising treatments.

When it comes to radio diagnostics, machine-learning techniques in CT scans and MRIs improve imaging accuracy. AI-driven aids, particularly in CT scans, MRIs, and mammography, can enhance segmentation and improve the diagnosis of several cancers.

In surgery, AI analyses of computer-assisted surgery or robotic-assisted surgery are making procedures safer, more specific, and more comfortable for patients.

Further, AI in chemotherapy refines and customises treatment options, analysing datasets to tailor treatment plans based on genetic and molecular characteristics. Predictive models can be designed to estimate patient responses to specific regimens, said Dr Raj.

AI is also boosting cancer treatment options like immunotherapy, and CAR T-cell therapy.

“Deep learning models for cancer stem cell detection aid in early diagnosis and customising treatment plans, making AI a reality across all facets of oncology, from diagnosis and research to treatment,” Raj said.

There are, however, risks involved in using AI for healthcare that need to be addressed before we can see a wider adoption of AI in care delivery.

“One of the key issues is data privacy, safety, and ethical use of patient data,” Roheet said.

He also pointed out the bias in AI models, which is based on the training data used to generate these models.

“Unless there is validation of AI models across different types and cohorts of data, oncologists need to be mindful of such biases,” the doctor told IANS.

“The accuracy and reliability of the models need to be tested thoroughly both prior and then within clinical settings to ensure patient safety. Clinicians will always have the final say on clinical care irrespective of the AI models being used as the only way to ensure oversight when using AI is to have a human-in-the-loop,” he noted.

IANS

Apple approves first PC emulator for iOS to run classic games

New Delhi: Tech giant Apple has approved the first PC emulator for the iOS ecosystem to run classic software and games. The iPhone maker approved ‘UTM SE’ after initially rejecting...

Human-centric, responsible mobile AI is the future: Experts

Paris: Human-centric mobile artificial intelligence (AI) is the future and open collaboration among the industry and a distinct approach to hybrid AI is the only way to achieve the best...

Nothing sells 1 lakh units of India-made CMF Phone 1 in 3 hours

New Delhi: London-based technology company Nothing on Friday announced that 1 lakh units of its sub-brand's debut smartphone CMF Phone 1, which is being manufactured in India, was sold in...

Musk’s X developing ‘dislike’ button for downvoting replies

New Delhi: Elon Musk-run X is developing a downvoting feature which will be used to improve the ranking of replies.   While the company hasn't announced its plans officially, recent...

Indian scientists make breakthrough in quantum-based data encryption

Bengaluru: In a major breakthrough, a team of Indian scientists has created a user-friendly way to generate unpredictable random numbers crucial for stronger data encryption and provide robust cybersecurity, the...

India set to make strides in quantum technology, AI with the US: Union Minister

New Delhi:India, under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, is set to make great strides in quantum technology, artificial intelligence, critical metals and semiconductor sectors with the United States,...

Five automakers to recall over 1,56,000 cars for faulty parts

Seoul: Kia, Nissan Korea and three other carmakers will voluntarily recall more than 1,56,000 vehicles due to faulty components, the transport ministry here said on Thursday. The five companies, also...

AI Chatbots Alexa, MyAI, Bing come with ‘empathy gap’, may harm children

New Delhi: Artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots like Amazon’s AI voice assistant Alexa, Snapchat’s My AI, and Microsoft’s Bing have frequently shown signs of an “empathy gap” that puts young users...

Musk’s X banned over 1.9 lakh accounts for policy violations in India in June

New Delhi: Elon Musk-run X Corp has banned 194,053 accounts in India between May 26 and June 25, mostly for promoting child sexual exploitation and non-consensual nudity. The microblogging platform,...

Industry, telcos to deploy technology to create 5G intelligent villages: Centre

New Delhi: Emphasising the priority to unlock the potential of 5G technology for rural development, the government on Wednesday urged the industry and telecom service providers (TSPs) to come forward...

Hyundai, Kia eye domestic EV sales rebound with entry-level models

Seoul: Automakers Hyundai Motor and Kia are aiming for a rebound in domestic electric vehicle (EV) sales in the second half of the year with reasonably priced new entry-class compact...

Majority Indians aware of AI, stress on increasing trust & transparency: Report

New Delhi: About 96 per cent of Indians are aware of Artificial Intelligence (AI), including generative AI platforms like Google Gemini (formerly Bard) and ChatGPT, but 81 per cent researchers...

Read Previous

Neuralink chip can help restore full body control in people suffering from paralysis: Musk

Read Next

Women break through glass ceiling at IndiaSkills 2024

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

WP2Social Auto Publish Powered By : XYZScripts.com