India warns China against creating flashpoints along LAC, demands reason for troops concentration

Sep 11, 2020

New Delhi/Moscow: In a frank discussion on the curent tension on the border, India has told Chinathat it had failed give credible explanation for deployment of its troops in such a large numebrs along the LAC, which created flash points.

The numerous incidents of skirmishes and provocative behaviour of Chinese frontline troops was definitely going to affect bilateral relationship, External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar told State Councilor and Foreign Minister of China Wang Yi in Moscow on the side-lines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) meeting, according to sources.

”The presence of such large concentration of troops was not in accordance with the 1993 and 1996 Agreements and created flash points along the LAC. The Chinese side has not provided a credible explanation for this deployment. The provocative behavior of Chinese frontline troops at numerous incidents of friction along the LAC also showed disregard for bilateral agreements and protocols,” Dr Jaishankar told Wang, the sources said

In the meeting that lasted two and half hours, the Indian side clearly conveyed that it expected full adherence to all agreements on management of border areas and would not countenance any attempt to change the status quo unilaterally. It was also emphasized that the Indian troops had scrupulously followed all agreements and protocols pertaining to the management of the border areas.

Dr Jaishankar underlined that since the resumption of Ambassadorial level relations in 1976 and holding of boundary talks since 1981, India-China relations have developed on a largely positive trajectory. While there have been incidents from time to time, peace and tranquility has largely prevailed in the border areas. As a result, India-China cooperation also developed in a broad range of domains, giving the relationship a more substantive character. While the Indian side recognized that a solution to the boundary question required time and effort, it was also clear that the maintenance of peace and tranquility on the border areas was essential to the forward development of ties.

The recent incidents in eastern Ladakh, however, inevitably impacted the development of the bilateral relationship. Therefore, an urgent resolution of the current situation was in the interest of both nations, he told his Chinese counterpart..

He said the immediate task wasto ensure a comprehensive disengagement of troops in all the friction areas as that was necessary to prevent any untoward incident in the future, and the final disposition of the troop deployment to their permanent posts and the phasing of the process is to be worked out by the military commanders.

At the end of their discussions, the Ministers reached an agreement on five points that will guide their approach to the current situation.

The two Ministers agreed that both sides should take guidance from the series of consensus of the leaders on developing India-China relations, including not allowing differences to become disputes.

It was also agreed that the current situation in the border areas is not in the interest of either side, therefore that the border troops of both sides should continue their dialogue, quickly disengage, maintain proper distance and ease tensions.

The agreement said that both sides shall abide by all the existing agreements and protocol on China-India boundary affairs, maintain peace and tranquillity in the border areas and avoid any action that could escalate matters.

The two sides also agreed to continue to have dialogue and communication through the Special Representative mechanism on the India-China boundary question. They also agreed in this context that the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China border affairs (WMCC), should also continue its meetings.

5. The Ministers agreed that as the situation eases, the two sides should expedite work to conclude new Confidence Building Measures to maintain and enhance peace and tranquillity in the border areas.